Bloom’s Taxonomy

In the 1950s, Benjamin Bloom, along with several other educators, developed a taxonomy to define the levels of cognitive skills from the simplest to the most complex. His purpose in developing this taxonomy was to encourage educators to foster higher level thinking skills in their students.  The taxonomy, sometimes referred to as Bloom’s Taxonomy of … Continue reading Bloom’s Taxonomy



Lateralization refers to how the human brain centralizes certain thinking processes in either the right or left side of the brain. This does not mean that the whole brain isn’t active at once. It simply means that one hemisphere is more relied upon than the other for certain activities. Through studying stroke victims and other … Continue reading Lateralization

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Need

As we have seen, many factors play a part in a learner’s ability to retain new information. Does the new information make sense, and is it meaningful? Is it given in short “learning packets” that can be processed by the short term memory? Have environmental barriers been removed? Has the learner’s affective filter been freed … Continue reading Maslow’s Hierarchy of Need

Learning and Retention–Part 2

In my last article we discussed Sousa's explanation of sense and meaning. Both of these are essential if new material is to be retained. Now let's talk about additional and supportive ideas for the retention of information. Edgar Dale an American educator of the early 20th century, whose doctoral work was in the field of … Continue reading Learning and Retention–Part 2

Learning and Retention–Part 1

How do we remember what we learn? What determines whether or not information is processed into our long-term memory? Many education experts, neurologists and psychologists have researched the link(s) between learning and retention and it is still a field with more questions that posited solutions. A few answers to the question of creating long-term memory … Continue reading Learning and Retention–Part 1

Expanding Monitor Theory

Since Monitor Theory is the primary theory that informs the MAST methodology, I want to take some time here to focus on different ideas and tools that will expand our understanding of this theory. Following are seven such theories or hypotheses. Least Restrictive Environment: Create an environment free of restrictions or stresses that would slow … Continue reading Expanding Monitor Theory

Language Learning Theories

Four language learning theories have been prevalent in Western Education over the past century. One primarily informs the MAST process, but each has relevance either in what it has to offer or the limitations made evident in its use. Let's take a look at each one. Behavioral Theory: This theory can be visualized by the … Continue reading Language Learning Theories

Taking the Shapes Personality Test

If you have attended a theory training workshop, you know that the first thing we do is have everyone take the shapes personality test. For those of you who haven't attended a workshop yet, here are the simple steps for taking this test: Draw a square, triangle, circle, and squiggle on a piece of paper. … Continue reading Taking the Shapes Personality Test